KILIMANJARO ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT TRUST FUND, TANZANIA, EAST AFRICA Kilimanjaro Environmental Conservation Management Trust Fund, Tanzania, East Africa.  Conservation in Africa, Conservation in Kilimanjaro, East Africa.


Kilimanjaro Environmental Conservation Management Trust Fund, Tranzania.

Introduction Conservation in Kilimanjaro. Regional Action Conservation in Kilimanjaro. National Policies Conservation in Kilimanjaro. Objectives Conservation in Kilimanjaro. Functions Conservation in Kilimanjaro. About the Trust Conservation in Kilimanjaro. Contact

Kilimanjaro Environmental Conservation Management Trust Fund, Tranzania.

Mount Kilimanjaro is a Biosphere reserve and a World Heritage Site. For generations it has been a major source of the sweet drinking water, traditional small holder irrigation and power generation for the National Grid. The Pangani Water Basin Development System also depends on water from Kilimanjaro's rivers and springs as a major source. Acting as the major climate modifier of the weather in her neighbourhood, the mountain has attracted many visitors for various reasons including tourism and has therefore become an important source of foreign earnings for the Nation. Between 1989/90 and 1996/97 we have had an influx of between 10,000 and 13,000 tourists annually.

Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania.


Apart from Mt Kilimanjaro, there are the sister Pare Mountains which are characterized as the Eastern Arc Mountains; these mountainss are truly ancient over geoligical time and compared with them, mountains such as Kilimanjaro are young. These are very old and have had a very stable climate; this has led to them having a high diversity of species in terms of flora and fauna. In the Pare Mountains there are a number of forest reserves particularly for Soil Conservation and Catchment Values.

These Mountains are among the 25 most important "biodiversity hotspots" in the world for the conservation of animals and plants. The "Hotspot" analysis recognises concentrations of species and high level of threats.

The Eastern Arc are therefore defined as those ancient crystalline mountains which are influenced by the climate of the Indian Ocean. The value of the Eastern Arc Mountains are very high for our nation and globally. They provide water to a significant geographical area for several major towns, and the Eastern Arc rivers are used for energy generation. The mountain soil generated from both the forests and the parent rock are very productive and provide significant food resources. They provide a pleasant and relatively disease-free environment for humans and support high human population densities.

The inhabitants of Kilimanjaro and Pare Mountains have now realized, with deep concern, that the daily activities for their livelihoods have a negative and deplorable effect on the life of Mount Kilimanjaro and the Pare Mountains. Their flora and fauna, the catchment area and the potential wetlands on the foothills of these mountains, are impacted on by agricultural production.

Seven major categories of environmental problems in the Kilimanjaro Region have been identified. These problems include :

  • Land degratation

  • Inadequate water suply

  • Pollution

  • Habitat fragmentation and loss of biodiversity

  • Deterioration of aquatic systems

  • Deforestation

  • Frequent forest fires.

The problems impact negatively on the economy and well being of the people of Kilimanjaro and the nation at large.

The process of land degradation varies and may not be easily detected or measured. Its severity can be gauged from the red-brown colour of streams and infloods as the vital top-soil is washed away from upland areas due to bad cultivation habits - such as cultivating on slopes of a gradient of more than 50% without terraces. In other areas, silting of dams and reservoirs and the barenness of the top soil in many fields are a manifestation of land degradation. The productivity of soil has been considerably reduced in many parts of the highland and middle ecological zones of the Kilimanjaro Region. In lowland areas, overgrazing contributes to land degradation.

Land degradation also results from the removal of woody vegetation, especially when the removal rate is higher than the rate of regeneration. The closed dense forests cover is only 14.3 percent of the Kilimanjaro RegioKilimanjaro Environmental Conservation Society.n. The remainder of forests comprises mainly household wood lots, coffee farm tree sheds, street decorations and some areas of thorn-bush. The need for more land for agriculture, increasing demand on fuel wood and charcoal and the increased demand for wood for rural and urban industries has created an unsustainable demand and supply situation.

Environmental pollution in agriculture is mainly due to the use of agrochemicals and inorganic fertilizers. The pollution arises out of improper handling and overuse of agrochemicals, use of banned chemicals, chemical control of migratory pests, etc. The water hyacinth (Eichlora Crasipes) invasion in Lake Jipe is becoming a threat in the Kifaru River course and is a serious environmental problem.

Uncontrolled tree felling for firewood and construction, encroachment on arable agricultural land on the steep slopes of the foothills of the Mountain and the Upare Ranges, pollution of water supply sources and destruction of the water catchment systems have deprived many inhabitants in the region of the benefit of the continued supply of clean and safe water.

From this sequential realisation, we, the people of Kilimanjaro, have decided to form a Non-Governmental Organistion (NGO) called KILIMANJARO ENVIRONMENTAL CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT TRUST FUND. This organ shall be executed under the guidance of the Government, shall involve Government and non-Government organisations; the Regional Administrative Secretary shall be the Chief Executive Officer.


Kilimanjaro Environmental Conservation Management Trust Fund, Tranzania.

Introduction Conservation in Kilimanjaro. Regional Action Conservation in Kilimanjaro. National Policies Conservation in Kilimanjaro. Objectives Conservation in Kilimanjaro. Functions Conservation in Kilimanjaro. About the Trust Conservation in Kilimanjaro. Contact
Conservation in Kilimanjaro. Visit Our Gallery to see Additional Pictures of what we are trying to Achieve on Mt. Kilimanjaro Conservation in Kilimanjaro.

Kilimanjaro Environmental Conservation Management Trust Fund, Tranzania.


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